- Length: Longer articles, porviding in-depth analysis of topics.
- Authorship: Author usually is an expert or specialist in field. Name and credentials always provided.
- Language/Audience: Written in the jargon of the field for scholarly readers (professors, researchers, or students).
- Format/Structure: Articles are usually more structured and may include these sections: abstract, literature review, results, conclusion, bibliography.
- Special Features: Illustrations that support the text, such as tables of statistics, graphs, maps, or photographs.
- Editors: Articles are usually reviewed and critically evaluated by a board of experts in the field. Articles that have gone through this process are referred to as "peer-reviewed", "juried", or "refereed".
- Credits: A bibliography (works ctied) and/or footnotes are always provided to document research thoroughly.
From University of Texas at Austin (USTA) Libraries: http://lib.utsa.edu/Research/Subject/scholarlyguide.html.